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The Relationship between continuous cooling rate and microstructure in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of the dissimilar weld between carbon steel and austenitic stainless steel

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This paper investigates the changed in the microstructure in HAZ of the dissimilar weld between carbon steel and 304 austenitic stainless steel. Continuous cooling transformation diagrams (CCT), peak temperature profiles and cooling rates can be used to predict the change in the microstructure of the HAZ during the welding process. Optical microscopy, X – ray, SEM and TEM were used to determine the phases which formed in HAZ of carbon steel and austenitic stainless steel. The results of this study indicate that grain size in HAZ depended on the temperature at that point could be reached during the welding. Fully Martensitic layer observed at the interface in carbon side due to the combination of the rapid cooling subsequent to weld
and local chemical composition. Cooling rate played the rule on forming Widmanstatten ferrite, Bainite and Pearlite. On the other hand, microstructures and grain size in HAZ of austenitic stainless steel were not affected by temperature and cooling rate. Carbides precipitation (M23C6, M7C3), however, were found in the boundary of grains.
Keywords: Dissimilar weld, microstructure, cooling rate, HAZ